Labour welfare is an important dimension of industrial relation, labour welfare includes overall welfare facilities designed to take care of well bieng of employee's and in order to increase their living standard. It do not generally constitutes monetery benefits nor these are provided by employers alone, it can also be provided by government, non government agencies and trade unions. Industrialization, mechanisation and globalisation has increased importance of labour welfare in industries.
The importance of labour in industrialization and economic development has been recognised globally. In global scenario need and importance of labour welfare has been increasingly appreciated.
History of Labour Welfare
In Indiathe labour welfare started sometime during the 1st world war (1914-1918). Till then wellbeing of workers in factories was hardly thought by anybody. Since, 1st world war labour welfare has been expanding on voluntary basis. Industrial Labour Organization has played a very significant role for labour welfare. Many labour legislations have been formed by Indian central government and state governments for welfare of labours in Industries.
Government has laid down minimum standards for employment and working conditions in organizations.
Besides the government, the employers, trade unions and various social organizations also function as agencies for implementation of labour welfare measures.
A Industrial labour organization (ILO) is an advisory body so it cannot force any country to introduce any welfare measures. The need of labour welfare was powerfully felt by the Royal Commision of Labour far back in 1931, Indian constitution emphasized this need under its directive principles of state policy.